Dispelling Myths

Hidden in Plain Sight

What about natural sugars occurring in fruit, milk and vegetables? Aren’t those part of the problem too?

For some health conditions, such as having high triglycerides (one of the symptoms of metabolic syndrome) and diabetes, there may be legitimate concerns about the total amount of the sugar in your diet, not just added sugars. If you have an existing health condition that is related to your sugar consumption, you should speak with your doctor about which kinds of sugar you should be watching out for.
However, for most of us, the concern is with reducing sugar that is added to processed, packaged foods and especially liquid sugar – the sugar we consume in sugary sports drinks and sodas. Sugary drinks are the largest single source of added sugar in the American diet and provide little in the way of vital nutrients for health.
Amongst scientists, there is active debate about why studies show that eating fruit and vegetables is protective of heart disease – the number-one killer worldwide – while having sugary drinks puts us at greater risk for heart disease. One current line of thought is that the sugar in fruit and vegetables comes encased in fiber that slows down the speed of processing the sugar. That means that vital organs, such as your pancreas and liver, aren’t being hit with a huge wallop of sugars when you eat fruits and vegetables. Those fruits and vegetables also carry with them vital nutrients, such as anti-oxidants, which could help neutralize the harmful effects of sugar on the body.

Added sugar

Any sugar added in preparation of foods, either at the table, in the kitchen or in the processing plant. This may include sucrose, high fructose corn syrup and others.

SugarScience Glossary

Sugary drinks

Means the same as sugar-sweetened beverages or liquid sugars.

SugarScience Glossary

Heart disease

A broad term for a group of chronic diseases of the heart, these diseases include problems with blood supply to heart muscle, problems with heart valves and the electrical system of the heart. Another term you will see used to mean the same thing is cardiovascular disease.

SugarScience Glossary

Metabolic syndrome

Also called Syndrome X is a group of body abnormalities that go along with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and stroke. The definition of this syndrome varies a little worldwide.

SugarScience Glossary

Diabetes mellitus

Usually shortened to just diabetes. Sometimes called sugar diabetes. Look at Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes for more information

SugarScience Glossary


The most common type of fat in our body and in our food. We can eat triglycerides, our bodies can make triglyceride, and our livers can turn excess sugar into triglycerides. If we do not burn triglycerides as fuel, they are stored as fat in the liver and elsewhere in the body.

SugarScience Glossary


Sugars are chemicals made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen found which taste sweet and are found in food. They are an important part of what we eat and drink and of our bodies. On this site, sugar is used to mean simple sugars (monosaccharides) like fructose or glucose, and disaccharides like table sugar (sucrose). Sucrose is two simple sugars stuck together for example (see Table sugar). Sugars are a type of carbohydrate. Carbohydrates are energy sources for our bodies Sugars enter the blood stream very quickly after being eaten.

SugarScience Glossary


The largest internal organ. It weighs about three to four pounds and is located under the lower edge of the ribs on the right side. It helps us digest our food and remove toxins from our blood. "Hepat" in a word means liver, so an "hepato-toxin" is a liver poison or something that can cause damage to the liver

SugarScience Glossary


The pancreas is an internal organ that helps us digest our food by making insulin and other chemicals.

SugarScience Glossary

SugarScience Facts

Too much fructose in added sugar can damage your liver just like too much alcohol.

SugarScience Facts

Today, 31% of American adults and 13% of kids suffer from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

SugarScience Facts

Growing scientific evidence shows that too much added sugar, over time, is linked to diabetes, heart disease and liver disease.

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